Tag Archives: penny stocks

Penny stock fortunes are both fantasy and reality

This is a little light hearted and not in line with the usual postings on here but since it’s my birthday I thought I would lighten the mood a little before getting more serious with an increase in the number of posts and some recommendations. Enjoy!

Stories of penny stock fortunes abound. Most of us have heard the tale of Aunt Betsy, who bought Intel at 3 pounds a share, or Uncle Herbert, who got in on the ground level of ATT. We know that the stock market has made millionaires. But still, we think, penny stocks are not for us – or are they. Use your imagination for a moment, and consider the possibilities.

A gift from Grandma

The 1980s have just begun. You graduated high school, and as a gift, Grandma gave you 400 pounds in Wal-Mart shares, telling you that she is helping you to build your penny stock fortunes. You thank Grandma profusely for her generous gift. Later, you ask your dad what the stock market even is, and what you are supposed to do with 5455 “penny” shares of some company that you never heard of. Dad tells you that this is an up and coming retailer in the United States and that someday it may be worth a lot of money and no you cannot sell the shares now to buy a car. Whatever. You put the stock paper aside, and go listen to the new Stones album. Years go by, and you are far too busy to care about stocks.

Fifteen years later, you are done with college, working, and engaged to that special someone. At the wedding, Grandma gives you an envelope; inside is 400 pounds worth of shares in a company called Dollar Tree. Ah, another company you never heard of, but it reminds you of those other shares she gave you years ago. You’ll have to look into those. But now, it is time for that wedding dance to the latest Madonna song.

What ever happened to those stocks?

A few more years go by. You and your spouse have had a baby, and while money is always tight, life is generally good. Of course, more money would be better, but you can only work so hard. One day, you are cleaning out your office, making room for that new computer that is supposed to be Y2K proof. As you sort through some papers, you come across that old Wal-Mart stock. You pause and think about how friends of your have mentioned the stock market, and of course, now you know that Wal-Mart is a huge conglomerate – you wonder if they are worth much. You might as well look at those wedding stocks too, so you get both pieces of paper together, and look them up. You aren’t too excited – Grandma only gave you 800 pounds worth of stocks, but hey, they may be worth a few thousand now, and that could help with the baby.

You finish hooking up your new computer and get online to check out these stocks. Almost instantly, your face goes white. Your hands are almost shaking. You call your spouse in because you must be looking at this wrong. Nope, you are right. Those Wal-Mart shares, well Grandma paid .07 pounds a share in 1980. Now, it sells for 45.23 pounds – your shares are now worth 246,744 pounds! And those Dollar Tree stocks are now worth 5,156 pounds, after just five years. Grandma’s gifts to you started as 800 pounds, and are now worth a total of almost 252,000 pounds. Grandma built you a penny stock fortune, while you were not even paying attention.

A penny stock fortune

Now, imagine for a moment, that you used most of that to pay cash for a new house, but kept 50,000 in savings. A few more years have gone by. Now, it’s the financial crisis of 2008, and things look bad for the big banks. You decide to invest your 50,000 pounds of that money you earned from Grandma’s penny stocks into a single bank stock, that is valued at pennies, but which you (and Grandma, of course) feel confident will recover. You wait a few years, and now, they have rebounded from .50 a stock to 35.50 a stock. That stock is now worth three and a half million pounds! You are not even 50 years old, and you are rich. You and your family have secured your penny stock fortunes, and you can now retire, living life on easy street.

The reality of penny stocks

The above scenario is, of course, a fantasy. Or is it? Is it an urban legend that Aunt Betsy is rich? No, she really did buy Intel at three pounds and has been living the good life ever since. Of course, not every stock is going to make you a multi-millionaire, but it does happen. Many penny stocks are simply stocks low in their value cycle and bound to skyrocket. Investing just a few thousand pounds can result in tens of thousands in return and investment return like no other. A well-placed penny stock purchase can pay off over many years, and sometimes in just a few years.

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Summer Strategy for Penny Stocks

Summer is always slower when it comes to penny stocks

Summer is here. This is where you have to be extra picky with the penny stocks you get in. You also have to be very alert. I usually limit the amount I put into penny stocks summer months. It is a lot harder to make money. January through March are usually the hottest months. Those months are the easiest to make money. In the summer volume dries up and companies seem to be more sneaky. So be alert. Watch the SEC filings, Watch the charts, and don’t be afraid to cut losses. Penny Stocks are streaky. You will go on winning streaks and losing streaks. During the losing streaks it is very important you learn how to cut losses. I have seen some traders win on 9 in a row and end up broke on 1 because they didn’t cut losses and kept averaging down over and over again and the stock kept falling. You need to learn to have a basic knowledge of charts. You need to learn to read SEC filings and find out what they mean. You need to learn to watch level 2. If you have questions about a stock jump on Google and ask those questions. Don’t just listen to what others say. Most cases it is the blind leading the blind. If you see VFIN show up on the ask showing only 10k shares and not going away that most likely isn’t someone shorting. Stop listening to people trying to pump the stock and jump on Google or youtube and find answers. You have to be able to act quickly in penny stocks. I have been riding high in a stock that seemed like it was going to go up forever and see one SEC filing crush the stock. If you don’t know how to read that SEC filing you will have to wait for the next day or until you can ask someone before you realize you should have gotten out. If you see something you don’t understand ask but also jump online on a major search engine and try to do your own research. That way you can ask a more direct question. I talk a lot about a team here and being a group and working together but it also requires effort on everyone’s end as well. I am usually an open book when it comes to SEC filings, charts and the L2 even if I am in the stock. It is easier for me to be direct and blunt through direct message or over the phone. I still want you to double check everything I say as well. Get in the habit of always double checking everything so you can be confident with your own decision making. Again summer months are difficult you want to get in the habit of taking profits earlier and learning some chart plays. Don’t be a sheep and just follow the crowd. Everyone wants a stock that goes from .01 to .10 but those are rare, and if you can find a stock that goes back and forth from .01 to .02 10 times you will make a lot more money playing that cause you can profit and reinvest those profits. This time of a year it is good to be creative with your profit taking. An example of this is finding a .0004x.0005 stock that has decent volume. Sit on both the Bid and the Ask. Lower the number of shares you are trying to buy on the bid and stack the ask when you want to buy more shares and then once someone sells you shares then add more to the bid and lower the shares you are trying to sell on the ask. This will encourage people to sell when you want shares and buy when you want to sell shares. While everyone else is trying to be greedy and hoping the .0004 will go to .01 you are making money flipping it for 20% at a time. I believe this summer is extremely important for everyone to learn how to trade and learn to take profits and cut losses. 2018, in my opinion, will be huge for Marijuana stocks. In August and September, you should be able to load up on marijuana stocks and see some huge profits with the states legalizing recreational use of marijuana in 2018. You want to have as much powder available to load up on these Marijuana stocks.

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WBSI penny stock aimed at stopping cyber bullying

Facebooks finally going public and the social stocks are in a tizzy.

WebSafety, Inc. (WBSI) is a pure play on the only story hotter than social media.

WBSIs software fights cyber bullying the dark side of the social web.

There’s a high-profile movie out about bullying. The subject makes parents and pundits sick.

It’s trending so hard they even ripped on it in this week’s South Park cartoon!

WBSI is front and center in those bully wars so traders are getting an earful.

It’s no wonder its shares are throbbing up over 1,600% off a low of $0.0019.

On paper, it’s a knockout product. You can hear the CEO talk about it here.

For under $8 a month, WBSI watches your kid’s phones and computers.

If it sees other kids sending mail like you stink or go die, it warns you.

With 52 million American kids eager to pick on each other, that’s a $400 BILLION opportunity.

Remember, WBSI bills monthly.

Cyberbullying is more than a huge deal for the kids on Facebook and their nervous parents.

It’s a nightmare for schools that have to prevent electronic harassment.

Every single state but Montana forces schools to have an anti-bully policy.

80% are required by law to watch email and Facebook as well.

Schools have 14 million aging computers to monitor. Add THAT to WBSIs market opportunity.

And that, friend, is what we call high impact.

WBSI is just a pipsqueak that’s had to fight its way back from under 1 penny a share.

Even today, when the stock is a month into a full-fledged rally trend, WBSI is barely worth $9 million.

With the news flow stacked in its favor and the chart pointed up, it just takes a few parents signing up to move WBSIs needle.

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Mely

Moving computers to the Cloud is making the tech world go round, and Microelectronics Technology Co. (MELY) is already setting up the silver lining.

MELY hit the Cloud just 2 months ago by buying a company that makes virtual websites.

As you can see from the chart, traders initially responded to the news by bidding shares all the way to $0.45.

They probably got more than a little ahead of themselves, but you never know.

On the way back down, MELY has kept spiking as much 65% a day on the right news.

Volume on the big buying days has swelled, so the market is getting more familiar with MELY and hungry for its shares at these levels.

So what does MELY do, exactly?

Its technology was originally built to help Web landlords generate big instant traffic and sell ad space.

Push a button, and suddenly Googles pushing a stream of people to click around and ring the cash registers.

Now MELY recognized that anyone who could build one fake website could build an entire cloud of real ones just as fast.

We could go on and on, but what this boils down to is that the Cloud is a $1 TRILLION business.

That’s right. The Cloud will generate one trillion in the next three years, according to the expert number crunchers at IDC and Microsoft.

Naturally, MELY only wants a tiny piece of that trillion-dollar pie.

After all, this is an 8-cent start-up were talking about.

Between the huge revenue in play and the tiny stock price, the math gets magical.

For every 1 MILLIONTH of the Cloud MELY can capture, it boosts its cash flow by $1 million.

That’s a full 10% of the current market cap in one 1/1,000,000 nibble.

Big Cloud companies are already getting fat buyout offers.

DemandForce, for example, just accepted a $423 million deal from Intel.

MELY stock

A little name like MELY would only be a snack on that scale.

As it is, the venture capital smart guys have already kicked in a fresh $2.7 million to get their taste.

With that kind of cash to work with, MELY should be able to get its Cloud servers spinning and start going after customers.

They’re doing it right now.

Watch the Cloud. If MELY makes one of its now-trademark leaps this morning, you may get an up-close look at the sky.

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Grov GroveWare Technologies Ltd.

Mobile computing is a full-fledged disruptive trend in enterprise software and GroveWare Technologies Ltd. (GROV) is leading the revolution!

GROV has come up with apps that link remote workers smartphones and tablets back to the business intelligence systems that run the home office.

Don’t think Angry Birds time wasters here think work ticket routing, on-site billing, inventory and ordering on the go.

Wherever trucks are on the move and people need to get out into the field, GROV technology makes it happen!

I’ll talk more in a minute about how that’s already quadrupled GROV revenue over the last 12 months but we need to know how that relates to the stock.

Once glance at the chart should tell you all you need to know.

Is this the same GROV that we saw fighting to move a few hundred shares a week down at 5 cents back in April?

Yes, as GROVs potential lights up the market, traders are crowding into this ticker to make up for lost time.

Start the clock on August 6 when CEO Hrair Achkarian started teasing us with his expansion plans.

Then the contracts started rolling in!

New York state health inspectors are now using GROV software to collect on-site data and beam it back to their agencies. (Read more)

South Carolina is so happy with a pilot program they started awhile back that they’re rolling out across the state!

You can find GROV apps as far away as the oil-rich Persian Gulf yes, it works on the Blackberries they still love over there.

GROV was already raking in 30% growth on a quarter-to-quarter basis BEFORE these deals finalized, translating into a spectacular 365% revenue boost over the last year.

What’s got all these customers so excited is simple: studies show handing out phones and tablets makes field forces TWICE as productive!

And what’s got traders hot and bothered is the idea of 160 million corporate-owned mobile computers for GROV to get its software on, with 16 million coming online every year.

Either way, with all that NEWS on the wire, turnover has swelled from near-zero to a respectable 1 million shares on the peak days.

Put this volume spike into perspective: 99.96% of all GROV shares in play since mid-February have changed hands in just the last three weeks!

And all that demand for GROV has definitely translated into wild price action 35% on average up or down, every day this month!

While the volatility hasn’t always moved the close, day traders have still gotten a double-digit ride into the money on GROV about half the time and plenty of smaller hits.

Bottom Line: GROV is in play for the first time in history as its software transforms the way we work.

The action on its chart has already transformed quite a few traders portfolios may be there’s more to come?

Resources:
http://finance.yahoo.com/q?s=GROV&ql=1
http://www.google.com/finance?q=PINK%3AGROV
Investorshub

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Was AMLH a pump and dump?

American Leisure  Holdings Inc. OTCMRKTS:AMLH

Everything in this article is just for entertainment only. All penny stocks are risky. Make your own buying decisions.  Awesomepennystocks.com is not being compensated for this article. Please read our disclaimer here.

AMLH is an extremely hot stock right now. It is currently number #2 on IHUB breakout boards just falling short in popularity to BVTK.

So the main question is AMLH just a quick pump and dump or does it have room to run? If you look at the featured chart, it is too early to tell. The chart still looks healthy, and if it holds support and fills the gap, you very well could see another nice bounce.

Why are investors excited about AMLH?

American Leisure Holds is focused on the Electronic Games Industry. They have a specialized niche focus with Game tournaments. This up and coming niche sells out arenas and is very trendy with younger generations players. Some of the top video game players have even become millionaires.  This industry is growing so rapidly that the NBA in 2018 will host tournaments in NBA arenas.  This market has a lot of potential and AMLH has a lot of enthusiastic investors.

AMLH share structure

As of March 29th, there are 4 billion Authorized shares and 2.2 Billion Outstanding shares. The Market Value of the outstanding shares is around 10.5 million.  AMLH currently has a stop sign on OTCmarkets which means the company has failed to keep up with their SEC filings current.

PROS

  • AMLH has a lot of excited shareholders
  • GGstudios, one of AMLH’s partner companies, has a passionate management team that has a played an active role in the gaming industry for over a decade.
  • CEO Christain Bishop is a young, motivated entrepreneur that is active on Twitter and engages with shareholders
  • Supplemental filing with old CEO transferring shares to new management.
  • Rumored big contract in the works
  • Rumored potential Share Structure reduction
  • Rumored significant connections and possible deals made at Dreamhack event
  • Some investors believe most notes have been paid off and dilution may be over. 
  • Has submitted an updated annual report as well as an Attorney letter to become current.

CONS

  • AMLH is not current and currently, has a stop sign on OTC markets
  • AMLH has 4 Billion Authorized shares
  • No SEC Fillings since 2008, link
  • In 2016 generated 200,000 in revenue and had 841,086 in expenses. Its Officers and Management were paid twice as much as the company was bringing in.
  • As of December 31st, 2016 company has $410,343 of long-term debt

 

The rest of May will be an important month for AMLH. If the momentum carries through you could see some more Awesome Breakouts!

 

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Purchasing Penny Stocks Online

Penny Stocks are the companies floating stocks with per share value less than dollar five. There are other terminologies used for Penny Stocks: Pink Sheet stocks, Nano-Stocks or Microcap stock shares. In common sense, the companies having initiating businesses or small businesses issue penny stocks. There are also the chances that the company near the bankruptcy levels also issues these low priced stocks to fetch out some cash. Penny Stocks are risky for purchase because many traders initiate these stocks only for the reason to get money while the company is getting bankrupt or to turn a fraud against people. You can’t expect to invest money in a struggling company and hence, penny stocks are risky for you to begin a right investment.

Online Purchase of Penny Stocks

There are many people who invest in penny stocks without researching about them. These are mainly the losers and get stuck in the hands of dirty stock chasers. You can search from the list of best brokers online and get associated with the best one to make your investments in a right way. Stocks can be purchased with risk, but they can also give you best rewards. Penny Stocks are tough to track and hence, people don’t prefer to purchase them. You need to make sure that the brokerage firm you are choosing is safe and invests your money to your selected stocks.

There are many advantages to purchase penny stocks online and they are really inexpensive (per stock value) that you can take hundreds of them by not spending too much amount. You should diversify your investments in such a way that if you are losing your investments in one company, there should be a recovery meant to get your money on the right track. Once you have decided to invest in penny stocks, there will be an online brokerage company to get through your investments in your desired way. They will charge you a minimal amount for your share purchase and selling and you will be able to go in a right way to purchase the best penny stocks.

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Penny stock guide Ch. 15-20

CHAPTER 15

HOW TO PICK A Penny Stock BROKER

Now, the question arises is HOW DO I PICK BROKER?

You should first decide whether you want a telephoning broker or he should be an online broker as well. Then next you should find the following factors.

  •   Quality of information
  •  How fast is the execution of trade
  •   The markets available
  •   Costs attached with them
  •   Check how much equities they would pay
  •   Would they provide with CFD’S
  •   How much fees would he charge on the unused cash in your trading account
  •   How much discounts. Penalties will be there on frequent /infrequent trading.

WHAT ARE THE QUESTIONS YOU WILL ASK DISCOUNT BROKERS

How much do they charge for buying and selling shares? Do they have any subscription fees How do they buy and sell shares Do they deal with telephone and internet both? Do they offer trade discounts Do they offer and added services like alerts, dynamic market data etc.

CHAPTER 16

GOLDEN RULES OF BUYING SHARES

9 golden rules of buying shares

1. STICK TO THE RULES- Always remember that the stock prices would go up and down, what is needed is to stick to your strategy which you have planned. Swaying away from the rules would only bring losses.

2. DIVERSIFY — Do not invest all your eggs in one basket; invest in various sectors not just the one which is mining.

3. BUY SHARES THAT SUIT YOUR TRADING CYCLES — if you are buying shares for a long term it definitely wont suit you if you are short term trader and it goes other way also… short term shares wont suit the long term trader as well.

4. KNOW YOUR RISK TOLERNACE — A speculative share has a different risk profile as to out of favor  ” blue chip “.Allocate your capital according to your own risk tolerance and the risk profile of the trade.

5. DON’T RUSH IN — The market will be still there waiting for you when you are ready to trade. Learn about the market before you start trading particularly the new investors. The best way to start is with the PAPER TRADE, so as to learn the basics first.

6. DO NOT GET GREEDY — Don’t think that you will be a millionaire in a day, be practical and not over realistic. Don’t think it’s very easy, as it’s very easy to lose money also in the trade market.

7. ONKY INVEST WHAT YOU CAN AFFORD TO LOSE — if the shares are the cause of your worries then definitely either you have invested in the wrong ones, or you have far too many to handle, so SELL them , nothing in the world d is more important than your peace of mind.

8. NEVER EVER CHASE SHARES — exercise patience, never run behind the shares and purchase beyond your limits, because the time will definitely come when you will be able to buy them within your limits.

9. KEEP ACCURATE UP TO DATE RECORDS- The most important of all, for penalties for not declaring your profits and not paying the capital gains are too much high. So stick to the rules.

CHAPTER 17

STOCK MARKET INVESTING TIPS

What should you do to be successful in the stock market, may be the following tips would help you

HAVE A PLAN

If you want your money to grow, wealth to multiply then the first thing you need is a full proof and solid strategy plan. If your plan is not good then you would just end up fixing your errors.

INVEST REGULARLY

Investment in shares is not a onetime game. You should keep on investing if you want to yield good profits.

LOW COSTS

Frequent trading would definitely add up to costs. Certain fees are always there which you need to pay, but do not indulge yourself into counterproductive things, which ultimately would make you use up your profits too. Best is to stick to the basic low cost transactions.

DO NOT BUY TOO MUCH AT ONCE

Try to buy at a certain amount and a certain period of time, which will give you advantaged of best prices. Hence if you want to invest to do not invest at a time, do it over a time frame of days, weeks or months.

DIVERSIFY

It’s the most important and vital thing to diversify as it would help to minimize the risk. All the types of investment, goes thought the cycle of setbacks ups and downs… hence you should diversify to earn profits in long term.

DO YOUR REASERCH

Before you decide to invest choose the right industry and in that choose the correct company. It would take a little bit of time but, do your homework properly before investing because it’s ultimately your hard earned money you want to invest for betterment.

NO EMOTIONS

The most basic thing of investment is, you have to keep emotions aside what it needs is cool, calm and balanced mind.

KNOW YOURSELF

You should now yourself about the market as well as which stock is good, if you are not able to do that than its always advised to have a professional do it for you .yes, we definitely talked that we should keep our costs low, but in this respect it’s always good to have someone manage your trade if you are ignorant about it,

CHAPTER 18

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN STOCKS AND SHARES

For the first time investors it is difficult to decide where to invest his money .which option to select and when all the information seems to be confusing. In that the most common question asked is what the difference between STOCKS and SHARES is.

In today’s financial market, the distinction between the both is somewhat blurred, however

STOCKS mean ownership of certificates in multiple companies. You may not be only the stockholder but also the shareholder for each particular company as well.

SHARES mean ownership of certificates in a certain company. It makes the person the shareholder of that company.

The common misconception about stocks and shares is that they are different things. In reality they are the same thing but are referred to differently when talking about more than one company.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN STOCKS AND BONDS

Sometimes it’s difficult for the new investor to differentiate the difference between the two. If I must say so, there are people who have been investing for a long time, but still they have not been able to articulate the difference. People think that stocks are more riskier then bonds and basically it is true also,

STOCK means ownership of certificates in multiple companies. The price to the stocks will actually depend upon the performance of the company. If company is doing well you will share the appreciation, but if the company has gone in loss, then u will equally be sharing the loss.

BONDS are “credit “given by the investor to the company. It’s a kind of loan provided to the company to carry on their activities. The percentage the investor gets is fixed.

The shareholder would stick to the shares even in bad times and would expect that the company would do better in future, but the bondholder is just concerned with his initial amount and the interest from the company.

It is possible that investor has invested in a small and a risky company and if the company shuts down then the bond holder has to lose his initial investment as well, but this happens in a rear case.

So what would be a wise investment BONDS OR STOCKS?

Well. It depends on the person personal decisions and what is his risk tolerance. Though the ideal long term portfolio could be a blend of little bit of both.

CHAPTER 19

FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS

It is always been a difficult and a confusing decision as to which stocks to buy. The financial analysts heavily depend to the Fundamental analysis at that time.

Fundamental analysis is looking at the basic or the fundamental financial level. It helps as key to determine the company’s health and gives the idea of the value of its stock. Fundamental analysis is the cornerstone of investing. Its core objective is to do the financial forecast of the company

To conduct companies stock evaluation

To make projections about its business performance

To evaluate its management

To calculate its credit risks.

TECHINCAL ANALYSIS

Technical analysis forecasts the future directions of the prices, through past data and market trend. It ‘ignores’ the actual financial condition of the company, market currency, it just solely goes by the “charts “that is the price and volume information only. It is just not limited to charting but it also considers price trends.

Technical analysts believe that the investors collectively repeat the behaviors of the investors who preceded them. While it will take long time for the technical analyst to be picked as the one to manage your trade, but certain financial institutions and banks are using them as tools.

CHAPTER 20

FAQ ‘S

If I buy, when should I sell?

Stock market is a creature in and of itself. When will the bull market is going to change to bear market is anyone’s guess. Hence, we should hold the shares which are stable and are moving up. When you see the company’s shares you have taken are dropping, dipping continuously, then I guess it is time to abandon the ship from those share, meaning it would be wise to sell those shares which are falling in price.

How many shares should I hold?

If they are fewer the better it is good to be diversified, but you should hold that many share that you can manage, and handle on your own. What is the point of holding 1000 shares and If you cannot know them all… instead it’s better to have 25- 30 which are manageable.

How can I buy and sell my shares tax efficiently?

You will be able to do this inside a self select Isa

Most of the brokers provide you with this facility where they give you an empty Isa wrapper. You have to fill it pound 7000 worth of shares and then trade tax free. All capital gains you make will be tax free.

What are Penny stocks?

There is no set accepted definition for the Penny Stock. Some define it as stock priced under 1$ and some say 5$. They are actually type of stock that generally trades at very low value and market capitalization. They are highly speculative and have high risk due to lack of liquidity. They are generally traded over the counter (OTC) and on pink sheets.

What is buying on margin?

A risky technique where in you are buying stocks with borrowed money from the broker. You can term it as a loan from the broker to buy the stocks. In this it allows the investor to be paid the fractional amount and the rest in borrowed from the broker. The broker sets a margin account with you and also charges you with brokerage on the loan and you have to pay interest as well. They can also hold the shares as collateral against the loan you have taken and can take the stocks, if you become a defaulter.

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Penny Stock Guide ch. 10-14

CHAPTER 10

INVESTING

PICKING Penny STOCKS AND PLANNING TRADES

Stock picking in many ways is as good as choosing a spouse for you. There are lots of options available to you if you have money. Once you have decided that you want to invest in shares, the biggest question which comes to the mind is how to I buy stocks? How do I plan my trades?

It is up to you to decide in which category of investors you want to be and which strategy you would follow

GROWTH INVESTING STRATEGY

IF you are kind of optimistic investor, then this strategy is good for you. Here the investor foresees the growth of the company’s earnings and invests in it. This type of strategy is considered to the best for beginners in the stock market.

VALUE INVESTING STRATEGY

Benjamin Graham and David Dodd both professors at Columbia Business School, and professors too many big investors, are known as FATHER of this strategy.

In this strategy, the investors tend to buy stocks whose price has recently fallen and are available at cheap prices. But you have to be careful, value investing does not mean “JUNK “.Investors has to do their homework on the companies, and distinguish between the value company and the companies with declining prices. The company should have its fundamentals healthy to prove its worth.

DIVIDEND INVESTING STRATEGY

In this strategy the investors, buys stocks which pay dividends regularly to them on quarterly or yearly basis… The choice of companies in this strategy should be sound and healthy. This strategy may not be the sexist strategy, but in the long run, this time tested investment strategy would definitely yield returns.

CREATING A STOCK TRADING PLAN

If you want to build your wealth, keep your wealth and grow your wealth you should have a solid Stock Trading Plan .A stock trading plan is a fixed set of rules and actions which formulate your trading strategy. Every trade you do should be governed by your trading plan.

Your trade plan is your road map to tell yourself and affirm yourself and reach your goals.

You will have to consider certain criteria for your plan like,

the timing Price of the stock Current news about the stock Liquidity of the stocks How long to keep the stock i.e. to hold them When to sell the stock What to do when the prices of the stock does not move. Etc

You can think of other aspects as well, but the above is the major point s you have to consider.

Once you have made a plan, mock run of the plan in the stock market which will help you to know if your plan is effective or it needs amendments.

CHAPTER 11

THE MECHANICS — PLACING THE ORDER

STEP 1

OPENING A SHARE DEALING ACCOUNT

Once you have decided that you want to deal in shares, you have to open a standard share dealing account, which usually is free. The basic share dealing account offers certain services for free , that means ” No ADVICE ” they would simply buy or sell as per instructions given. They allow you to trade over the phone or thru internet

If you have opened an account with your broker then you have to send them money stating which and how many shares you want to buy. They would charge you certain brokerage fees for their services. Also few of them charge trading fee, if there is no activity for a certain period of time as inactivity fee.

If you are trading through a web site, then it would ask for a username in which you want to open an account and then a password, that’s it and you are on. Once you put the  username and the password , it would ask you which companies shares you want to buy, how much you want to buy it would then give you a share quote , if acceptable to you .they get their research on the trading charts and

You can always think and come back again. If the quote is acceptable to you u confirms it and in return you will get an email confirmation by the broker and the deal is done.

Yes, it sounds a little tensed but you will get use to it over a period of time.

CHAPTER 12

RESEARCH STOCKS

STEP2

RESEARCH STOCKS

It is very important that you do proper research on the stock because the stock markets behave in weird ways and you should have proper knowledge to it. Never buy the stocks at random, as the market is not random and it works on lots of principles and attributes. If you want to succeed in the stock market you have to do proper research. Either you do the research on your own or you can hire someone to do it for you.

5 VITAL ISSUES

Fundamentals about the company. How is the company doing, is it a profit making company and a sound company. What is the price history of the stocks of that company, i.e. how much are the investors paying for the stocks. Price target is also a vital factor; you have to see how much the investors would pay for the stocks in future. What catalysts would change the investor’s perception of the stock? The most important of all compare the stocks with others in the same industry.

So, to sum up we can say that it’s important that as an investor you should have understanding of wider markets trends, knowledge of individual sectors. Also you should be able to analyze the financial records. You should not be able to have access to rumors and upcoming deals. Last but the most important is No emotional bias, generally this last point is overlooked.

Research before buying the shares; this can be done in many ways,

Go through the TV SHOWS and the newspapers, they have all the details of the shares which are doing well. Take valuable tips from friends and family members who have the knowledge of the subject, Never take any decision in HASTE and do not ignore any ADVICE. Full service brokers also help to do the research, they hire the stock analysts and they in turn find out which would be the ideal stocks purchase for the client. They charge a specific fee for their services. Interviews of the owners, CEO’S, directors etc also are helpful as they normally give the correct synopsis of their company. In today’s world the internet technology has made the things easier for the investors to the research on their fingertips, they can research on trading charts and platforms. Some of these charts are available for free and some have costs attached to it.

It is of very important that you get all relevant and correct information on time so as to grow in the market and make maximum profits. You should be aware of that in the stock trading wrong and unreliable information is very dangerous.

CHAPTER 13

HOW TO READ QUOTES

HOW TO READ SHARE QUOTES IN NEWSPAPERS / INTERNET

Most of the people track their stock trades in the business sections of the newspaper or on the internet. The information provided on the stock table is the most current data available.

The stock table looks something like below

STEP1

Column 1 and 2 are the 52 WEEK High and Low — This is the highest and the lowest price paid for the single stock over the last 52 weeks i.e. one year.

STEP 2

Column 3 is the Companies name and the Type of stock — This column lists the name of the company. If there are no special letters or numbers following the name it is considered to be a common stock, but For example “pf” is return then it means the preferred stock, different symbols imply different types of stocks.

Step 3

Column 4 is the Ticker Symbol (SYM) — This is the unique alphabetic name which identifies the stock issued by the firm. If you are looking for the stocks quotes online you should search for the company by the Ticker Symbol.

STEP 4

Column 5 is the Dividend per Share — This indicated the annual dividend paid for each share, but if the space is blank then the company is not paying any dividends.

STEP5

Column 6 is the Dividend Yield –This is the percentage return on the dividend. Some companies do not pay dividends regularly; the Board of Directors decides how much to pay on quarterly basis calculated on annual dividend of the share divided by the price per share.

STEP 6

Column 7 is the Price/ Earnings Ratio –Mostly commonly known as P/E, this is calculated the current stocks prices by earnings per share from the last 4 quarters. The higher the P/E, the more investors are paying for the company’s potential.

STEP 7

Column 8 is the Trading Volume –The figures shows the total number of shares traded for the day, listed in hundreds. To get the actual number traded add”00″ to the end of the numbers listed or multiply the number in the column by 100

STEP 8

Column 9 and 10 are the Days High and Low — This indicates the maximum and the minimum people have paid for the stock in a day

STEP 9

Column 11 is the Close — The close is the last trading price recorded at the end of the day, i.e. at market close.

STEP 10

Column is 12 is the Net Change — This is the dollar value change in the stock price then the last day’s closing price. If the + (positive) sign indicates rise and a – (negative) sign indicates a drop in the price.

CHAPTER 14

HOW TO BUY SHARES?

We have already discussed this before, but just to refresh it further, in ancient days dealing in trade market was only the privilege of the rich people, but now it is not so a common man is also a part of the trade market.

You can buy shares through any of the following ways

Stock broking through bank, custom stock brokers over the telephone or on line trading through internet.

If you have no idea how to go about investing and really need a lots of help then in that circumstances , you can go for ADVISORY SERVICE , where in the stock broker looks in to you individual account and advises you on buying and selling

But , if you wish to hand over the entire thing to someone else, then in that case you can go for DISCRETIONARY SERVICE, in this there is certain strategy between you and the broker which is agreed upon and the stock broker takes all the decisions of buying and selling on your behalf with your money. This type of service risk factor is more.

You can categorize the brokers in two major types,

Discount brokers – these brokers will collect a certain amount of annual fee form you and will only carry out what has been told to them, over the phone, in person or on the internet.  They would give ZERO advice to you.

Full Service brokers- these brokers give you recommendations and advices on which stocks are good to buy, which will yield profits and which stocks are overvalued. They provided these services with a little higher fees and sometimes even commissions

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Penny Stock Guide Ch. 5-9

CHAPTER 5

STOCKMARKETS

A stock market is a public for trading of the company stock at an agreed price. It is considered the fast way to get the money from an individual and give it to the company that needs it.

The concept of stock trading comes from way back in 1600 , when the East India Company was launched, it needed money from the people for their voyages, without any guarantee of return  .hence they approached the investors to whom they gave shares in return of the cash.

The idea was that the risk would be shared and divided among the investors, no fixed returns would be paid to them but if company progressed and did well then the investors will be benefited. The idea worked and the investors made profits and by the end of 17th century many more were entering the ball game of trade.

In 1801 the LSE (LONDON STOCK EXCHANGE) was formulated, the systems were formulated and there was no looking back after that. LSE also runs AIM (Alternative investment Market) for the young companies as “starter market “

Today, along with Britain, LSE runs the biggest exchange with 1800 + companies, which is called the “main market “.

CHAPTER 6

STOCK EXCHANGES

WHY DO COMPANIES LIST ON THEM?

Stock Exchange is an organization or a corporation which helps in trading of stocks to investors and stock brokers. The main aim of listing the companies on stock exchange could be

Raising Capital for the businesses

Mobilizing Savings for further Investment and

Facilitating Companies Growth

NYSE

The biggest and the most prestigious stock exchange is the NYSE ( NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE) .NYSE came in existence way back in 1972 , when 24 New York stockbrokers and merchants  got together

Sign the Buttonwood Agreement.

NYSE is first exchange of its kind and trades in the open outcry system.  Each stock is traded by a specialist (who is the employee of NYSE) on a specific location on the trading floor. This specialist actually works as auctioneer between buyer and the seller in particular stock. This type of trading makes NYSE different from other exchanges which are totally dependent on electronic devices.

Today with changing times half of NYSE is also trading on electronic devices, and is come out of the Stone Age.

NASDAQ

The NASDAQ (NATIONAL ASSOCIATION of SECURITIES DEALERS AUTOMATED QUOTATION) is the second type of exchange and the largest electronic screen based trading market of United States of America. The exchange does not have central locations of specialist, neither do they floor trading. The entire trading is done through computers and telecommunications.

AMEX

The third largest exchange of America is the AMEX (AMERICAN STOCK EXCHANGE), which has been taken over by NASD (parent company of NASDAQ) in 1998.

OTHER EXCHANGES

There are many other stock exchanges around the world. Almost all countries have stock exchanges, with Americas stock exchange being undoubtedly be the largest.

List of other exchanges,

LONDON STOCK EXCHANGE

HONG KON GSTOCK EXCHANCE

MUMBAI STOCK EXCHANGE

JOHENSBURG SECURITIES EXCHANGE

And the list can go on…………

CHAPTER 7

WHAT ARE STOCK INDEXES

A stock market index is a method of measuring a section of stock market. Statistical indicator used in measurement and reporting changes in the market value of group of stocks. By measuring the performance of a one company based on the performance of other companies in the same type of business, which will help the investors to make best investment.

Major types of stock indices:-

There stock indices may classified in many ways.

GLOBAL market index includes all types of companies irrespective of where they are domiciled or traded. The 2 best examples of such index are MSCI WORLD and S&P GLOBAL 100.

NATION market index indicates the performance of a stock exchange of a nation and reflects the economy of the country. The examples of such index are the INDIAN SUNSEX and the JAPANESE NIKKEI 225

More specialized indices comprise of tracking the performance of the certain sector of the market, the example is MORGAN STANLEY BOITECH INDEX, it comprises of 36 American companies under biotechnology industry

Other indexes may track the companies from its size, or a certain type of management etc.

Weighting

The index can be also classified under the criteria as to how is it priced

PRICE WEIGHTED INDEX also known as equal dollar weighted index, each component stock contributes only to its price when determine the overall value. The size of the company or the volume in which its trading is not taken into considerations, hence evens a slight up or down in a single company highly influences the index

CAPITALIZED WEIGHTED INDEX also known as market value weighted index, whose components are weighted according to the total market value of their outstanding shares. The impact of the component’s price change is proportional to the issues overall market value.

CHAPTER 8

HOW DO I BUY AND SELL SHARES?

In ancient days buying and selling stocks/shares was the privilege of the rich , who with the help of certain share brokers use to buy and sell shares and among those few , the ones who had the inside information of the companies use to mint most money.

But the today’s internet age, the entire information is available to the common man, making him pretty much the part of this never ending market. As now most of the information is available on the internet, the stock brokers give their services with no frills attached , meaning you tell them which shares you want to buy or sell and they would do exactly the same , no advice given .

There are big stocks brokers like Barclays, Brennan etc who charge for the service their certain amount of commission for each deal, and also few brokers charge you yearly and quarterly fee just to keep your account open and do the dealing on your behalf.

Investors buy shares only for the purpose of income in forms of dividend, and then they should scrutinize properly and buy such shares that yield the most dividends.

Some investors are not interested in income but are more inclined towards capital growth, hence when the share price increases in anticipation that the company will yield more profits in future and which will affect the increase in the dividend payments… hence investors who are interested in capital growth, should invest in share that are expected to yield huge dividends in future.

CHAPTER 9

WHAT TYPE OF TRADER ARE YOU?

Each individual who is the stock market and is intending to make money has to identify himself from the various trader types he falls into and has to utilize that strategy.

The following are the types of traders,

POSITION TRADERS

Most investors fall in this category, as they buy stocks and hold them for months and years expecting to get more profits out of it. Institutional investors, mutual funds and investment banks are interested in such stocks which yield profits in long term. They concentrate more on the financial strength of the company and not in technicalities.

SWING TRADERS.

These are the traders who look for the fast movement in the market. Fast buying and selling , and in this short term of holding shares these types of traders make lots of wins and losses .They have the fast profit making mentality , they have high risk to reward ratio.

DAY TRADERS.

The stock market moves up and down every day and these types of traders make the most and capture the big portion of the move. He does not believe in keeping the stocks for more period of time like position and swing traders. He uses the stock market as source of income and not investment.

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